Wuḍūʾ (Arabic: الوضوء al-wuḍūʼ IPA: [wʊˈdˤuːʔ]; Persian: آبدست ābdast Urdu: وضوء / ALA-LC: wuz̤ūʾ IPA: [wʊzuː]; Turkish: abdest ; Bengali: ওযু ozū ;Indonesian: wudhu ; Chechen: Lamaz etsar ; Bosnian: abdest ; Kurdish: destniwêj(دەست نوێژ) ; Somali: weeso )
is the Islamic procedure for washing parts of the body using water, typically in preparation for formal prayers (salat).
The Qur’an says “For Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly and He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean.“
Muslims are also required to be clean when handling and reading the Qur’an.
The Qur’an says “Which none shall touch but those who are clean.” Purification of the body and clothes is called taharah. The Islamic prophet Muhammad said that “Cleanliness is half of faith”. To have taharah for the body, one should do either ghusl or wuḍūʾ. Wuḍūʾ is often translated as “partial ablution“, as opposed to ghusl, or “full ablution“.
Permitted water types
- Rain water
- Spring, sea or river water
- Water of melting snow or hail
- Water of a big tank or pond
- Well water
Prohibited water types
- Unclean or impure water
- Water extracted from fruit and trees
- Water that has changed its colour, taste and smell and become thick because something was soaked in it
- Small quantity of water in which something unclean has fallen, e.g. urine, blood, stool or wine or some animal had died after falling into it
- Water left over after drinking by haraam animals, e.g. pigs or predatory animals)
- Used water of wuḍūʾ or ghusl.
Tayammum – is a “dry ablution” using clean soil or dust, to be performed when water is not readily available to perform ablution or when one is defiled (on janabah) and could not perform ghusl, and is authorised under specific circumstances.
Salat (Islamic prayer)
|Types of prayers (salat)||
|Prayer unit (raka’ah) and
components of prayer unit