ISLAM and meaning of ALLAH { Swt } / ALLAH SUBHANAHU WA TA’ALA

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate ,Praise be to Allah, Lord of all the worlds.

Allah subhanahu wa Ta’ala does not have a form.

He is not in a place, he is not bound by the directions, since direction is a created by Him. and He is not bound by time.

1. Allah is One, without any partners.

2. There is nothing like Him.

3. There is nothing that can overwhelm Him.

4. There is no god other than Him.

5. He is the Eternal without a beginning and enduring without end.

6. He will never perish or come to an end.

7. Nothing happens except what He wills.

8. No imagination can conceive of Him and no understanding can comprehend Him.

9. He is different from any created being.

10. He is living and never dies and is eternally active and never sleeps.

11. He creates without His being in need to do so and provides for His creation without any effort.

12. He causes death with no fear and restores to life without difficulty.

13. He has always existed together with His attributes since before creation. Bringing creation into existence did not add anything to His attributes that was not already there. As He was, together with His attributes, in pre-eternity, so He will remain throughout endless time.

14. It was not only after the act of creation that He could be described as “the Creator” nor was it only by the act of origination that He could he described as “the Originator.”

15. He was always the Lord even when there was nothing to be Lord of, and always the Creator even when there was no creation.

16. In the same way that He is the “Bringer to life of the dead,” after He has brought them to life a first time, and deserves this name before bringing them to life, so too He deserves the name of “Creator” before He has created them.

17. This is because He has the power to do everything, everything is dependent on Him, everything is easy for Him, and He does not need anything. “There is nothing like Him and He is the Hearer, the Seer.” (al-Shura 42:11)

18. He created creation with His knowledge.

19. He appointed destinies for those He created.

20. He allotted to them fixed life spans.

21. Nothing about them was hidden from Him before He created them, and He knew everything that they would do before He created them.

22. He ordered them to obey Him and forbade them to disobey Him.

23. Everything happens according to His degree and will, and His will is accomplished. The only will that people have is what He wills for them. What He wills for them occurs and what He does not will, does not occur.

24. He gives guidance to whomever He wills, and protects them, and keeps them safe from harm, out of His generosity; and He leads astray whomever He wills, and abases them, and afflicts them, out of His justice.

25. All of them are subject to His will either through His generosity or His justice.

26. He is Exalted beyond having opposites or equals.

27. No one can ward off His decree or delay His command or overpower His affairs.

28. We believe in all of this and are certain that everything comes from Him.

29. And we are certain that Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is His chosen Servant and elect Prophet and His Messenger with whom He is well pleased,

30. And that he is the Seal of the Prophets and the Imam of the godfearing and the most honored of all the messengers and the Beloved of the Lord of all the worlds.

31. Every claim to prophethood after Him is falsehood and deceit.

32. He is the one who has been sent to all the jinn and all mankind with truth and guidance and with light and illumination.

33. The Qur’an is the word of Allah. It came from Him as speech without it being possible to say how. He sent it down on His Messenger as revelation. The believers accept it, as absolute truth. They are certain that it is, in truth, the word of Allah. It is not created as is the speech of human beings, and anyone who hears it and claims that it is human speech has become an unbeliever. Allah warns him and censures him and threatens him with Fire when He says, Exalted is He: “I will burn him in the Fire.” (al-Muddaththir 74:26) When Allah threatens with the Fire those who say “This is just human speech” (74:25) we know for certain that it is the speech of the Creator of mankind and that it is totally unlike the speech of mankind.

34. Anyone who describes Allah as being in any way the same as a human being has become an unbeliever. All those who grasp this will take heed and refrain from saying things such as the unbelievers say, and they will know that He, in His attributes, is not like human beings.

35. The Seeing of Allah by the People of the Garden is true, without their vision being all-encompassing and without the manner of their vision being known. As the Book of our Lord has expressed it: “Faces on that Day radiant, looking at their Lord.” (al-Qiyama 75:22-3) The explanation of this is as Allah knows and wills. Everything that has come down to us about this from the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in authentic traditions, is as he said and means what he intended. We do not delve into that, trying to interpret it according to our own opinions or letting our imaginations have free rein.

No one is safe in his religion unless he surrenders himself completely to Allah, the Exalted and Glorified and to His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and leaves the knowledge of things that are ambiguous to the one who knows them.

36. A man’s Islam is not secure unless it is based on submission and surrender. Anyone who desires to know things which it is beyond his capacity to know, and whose intellect is not content with surrender, will find that his desire veils him from a pure understanding of Allah’s true unity, clear knowledge and correct belief, and that he veers between disbelief and belief, confirmation and denial and acceptance and rejection. He will he subject to whisperings and find himself confused and full of doubt, being neither an accepting believer nor a denying rejector.

37. Belief of a man in the seeing of Allah by the People of the Garden is not correct if he imagines what it is like or interprets it according to his own understanding, since the interpretation of this seeing or indeed, the meaning of any of the subtle phenomena which are in the realm of Lordship, is by avoiding its interpretation and strictly adhering to the submission.

This is the religion of Muslims. Anyone who does not guard himself against negating the attributes of Allah, or likening Allah to something else, has gone astray and has failed to understand Allah’s glory, because our Lord, the Glorified and the Exalted, can only possibly be described in terms of oneness and absolute singularity and no creation is in any way like Him.

38. He is beyond having limits placed on Him, or being restricted, or having parts or limbs. Nor is He contained by the six directions as all created things are.

39. Al-Mi`raj (the Ascent through the heavens) is true. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was taken by night and ascended in his bodily form, while awake, through the heavens, to whatever heights Allah willed for him.

Allah ennobled him in the way that He ennobled him and revealed to him what He revealed to him, “and his heart was not mistaken about what it saw” (al-Najm 53:11). Allah blessed him and granted him peace in this world and the next.

40. Al-Hawd, the Pool which Allah has granted the Prophet as an honour to quench the thirst of his Community on the Day of Judgement, is true.

41. Al-Shafa`a, the intercession which is stored up for Muslims, is true, as related in the hadiths.

42. The covenant which Allah made with Adam and his offspring is true.

43. Allah knew, before the existence of time, the exact number of those who would enter the Garden and the exact number of those who would enter the Fire. This number will neither be increased nor decreased.

44. The same applies to all actions done by people, which are done exactly as Allah knew they would be done. Everyone is eased towards what he was created for and it is the action with which a man’s life is sealed which dictates his fate. Those who are fortunate are fortunate by the decree of Allah, and those who are wretched are wretched by the decree of Allah.

45. The exact nature of the decree is Allah’s secret in His creation, and no angel near the Throne, nor Prophet sent with a message, has been given knowledge of it. Delving into it and reflecting too much about it only leads to destruction and loss, and results in rebelliousness. So be extremely careful about thinking and reflecting on this matter or letting doubts about it assail you, because Allah has kept knowledge of the decree away from human beings, and forbidden them to enquire about it, saying in His Book, “He is not asked about what He does, but they are asked” (al-Anbiya’ 21: 23).

Therefore, anyone who asks: “Why did Allah do that?” has gone against a judgement of the Book, and anyone who goes against a judgement of the Book is an unbeliever.

46. This in sum is what those of Allah’s Friends with enlightened hearts need to know and constitutes the degree of those firmly endowed with knowledge. For there are two kinds of knowledge: knowledge which is accessible to created beings, and knowledge which is not accessible to created beings. Denying the knowledge which is accessible is disbelief, and claiming the knowledge which is inaccessible is disbelief. Belief can only be firm when accessible knowledge is accepted and the inaccessible is not sought after.

47. We believe in al-Lawh (the Tablet) and al-Qalam (the Pen) and in everything written on the former. Even if all created beings were to gather together to make something fail to exist, whose existence Allah had written on the Tablet, they would not be able to do so. And if all created beings were to gather together to make something exist which Allah had not written on it, they would not be able to do so. The Pen has dried having written down all that will be in existence until the Day of Judgement.Whatever a person has missed he would have never got, and whatever he gets he would have never missed.

48. It is necessary for the servant to know that Allah already knows everything that is going to happen in His creation and has decreed it in a detailed and decisive way. There is nothing that He has created in either the heavens or the earth that can contradict it, or add to it, or erase it, or change it, or decrease it, or increase it in any way. This is a fundamental aspect of belief and a necessary element of all knowledge and recognition of Allah’s oneness and Lordship. As Allah says in His Book: “He created everything and decreed it in a detailed way.” (al-Furqan 25: 2) And He also says: “Allah’s command is always a decided decree.” (al-Ahzab 33: 38) So woe to anyone who argues with Allah concerning the decree and who, with a sick heart, starts delving into this matter. In his deluded attempt to investigate the Unseen, he is seeking a secret that can never be uncovered, and he ends up an evil-doer, telling nothing but lies.

49. Al-`Arsh (the Throne) and al-Kursi (the Chair) are true.

50. He is independent of the Throne and that which is beneath it.

51. He encompasses all things and that which is above it, and what He has created is incapable of encompassing Him.

52. We say with belief, acceptance and submission that Allah took Ibrahim as an intimate friend and that He spoke directly to Musa.

53. We believe in the angels, and the Prophets, and the books which were revealed to the messengers, and we bear witness that they were all following the manifest Truth.

54. We call the people of our qibla Muslims and believers as long as they acknowledge what the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, brought, and accept as true everything that he said and told us about.

55. We do not enter into vain talk about Allah nor do we allow any dispute about the religion of Allah.

56. We do not argue about the Qur’an and we bear witness that it is the speech of the Lord of all the Worlds which the Trustworthy Spirit came down with and taught the most honoured of all the Messengers, Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. It is the speech of Allah and no speech of any created being is comparable to it. We do not say that it was created and we do not go against the Congregation(jama`a) of the Muslims regarding it.

57. We do not consider any of the people of our qibla to be unbelievers because of any wrong action they have done, as long as they do not consider that action to have been lawful.

58. Nor do we say that the wrong action of a man who has belief does not have a harmful effect on him.

59. We hope that Allah will pardon the people of right action among the believers and grant them entrance into the Garden through His mercy, but we cannot be certain of this, and we cannot bear witness that it will definitely happen and that they will be in the Garden. We ask forgiveness for the people of wrong action among the believers and, although we are afraid for them, we are not in despair about them.

60. Certainty and despair both remove one from the religion, but the path of truth for the People of the Qibla lies between the two.

61. A person does not step out or belief except by disavowing what brought him into it.

62. Belief consists of affirmation by the tongue and acceptance by the heart.

63. And the whole of what is proven from the Prophet, upon him be peace, regarding the Shari`a and the explanation (of the Qur’an and of Islam) is true.

64. Belief is, at base, the same for everyone, but the superiority of some over others in it is due to their fear and awareness of Allah, their opposition to their desires, and their choosing what is more pleasing to Allah.

65. All the believers are Friends of Allah and the noblest of them in the sight of Allah are those who are the most obedient and who most closely follow the Qur’an.

66. Belief consists of belief in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, the Last Day, and belief that the Decree — both the good of it and the evil of it, the sweet of it and the bitter or it — is all from Allah.

67. We believe in all these things. We do not make any distinction between any of the messengers, we accept as true what all of them brought.

68. Those of the Community of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who have committed grave sins will be in the Fire, but not forever, provided they die and meet Allah as believers affirming His unity even if they have not repented. They are subject to His will and judgement.

If He wants, He will forgive them and pardon them out of His generosity, as is mentioned in the Qur’an when He says: “And He forgives anything less than that(shirk) to whomever He wills” (al-Nisa’ 4: 116); if He wants, He will punish them in the Fire out of His justice, and then bring them out of the Fire through His mercy, and for the intercession of those who were obedient to Him, and send them to the Garden.

This is because Allah is the Protector of those who recognize Him and will not treat them in the hereafter in the same way as He treats those who deny Him, who are bereft of His guidance and have failed to obtain His protection. O Allah, You are the Protector of Islam and its people; make us firm in Islam until the day we meet You.

69. We agree with doing the prayer behind any of the People of the Qibla whether rightful or wrongful, and doing the funeral prayer over any of them when they die.

70. We do not say that any of them will categorically go to either the Garden or the Fire, and we do not accuse any of them of kufr (disbelief), shirk (associating partners with Allah), or nifaq (hypocrisy), as long as they have not openly demonstrated any of those things. We leave their secrets to Allah.

71. We do not agree with killing any of the Community of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, unless it is obligatory by Shari`a to do so.

72. We do not accept rebellion against our Imam or those in charge of our affairs even if they are unjust, nor do we wish evil on them, nor do we withdraw from following them. We hold that obedience to them is part of obedience to Allah, the Glorified, and therefore obligatory as long as they do not order to commit sins. We pray for their right guidance and ask for pardon for their wrongs.

73. We follow the Sunna of the Prophet and the Congregation of the Muslims, and avoid deviation, differences and divisions.

74. We love the people of justice and trustworthiness, and hate the people of injustice and treachery.

75. When our knowledge about something is unclear, we say: “Allah knows best.”

76. We agree with wiping over leather socks (in ablution) whether on a journey or otherwise, just as has come in the hadiths.

77. Hajj and jihad under the leadership of those in charge of the Muslims, whether they are right or wrong-acting, are continuing obligations until the Last Hour comes. Nothing can annul or controvert them.

78. We believe in the the noble angels who write down our actions, for Allah has appointed them over us as two guardians.

79. We believe in the Angel of Death who is in charge of taking the spirits of all the worlds.

80. We believe in the punishment in the grave for those who deserve it, and in the questioning in the grave by Munkar and Nakir about one’s Lord, one’s religion and one’s prophet, as has come down in the hadiths from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and in reports from the Companions, may Allah be pleased with them all.

81. The grave is either one of the meadows of the Garden or one of the pits of the Fire.

82. We believe in being brought back to life after death and in being recompensed for our actions on the Day of Judgement, and the exhibition of works, and the reckoning, and the reading of the book, and the reward or punishments, and the Bridge, and the Balance.

83. The Garden and the Fire are created things that never come to an end and we believe that Allah created them before the rest of creation and then created people to inhabit each of them. Whoever He wills goes to the Garden out of His bounty and whoever He wills goes to the Fire through His justice. Everybody acts in accordance with what is destined for him and goes towards what he has been created for.

84. Good and evil have both been decreed for people.

85. The capability in terms of divine grace and favor which makes an action certain to occur cannot be ascribed to a created being. This capability is integral with action, whereas the capability of an action in terms of having the necessary health and ability, being in a position to act, and having the necessary means, exists in a person before the action. It is this type of capability which is the object of the dictates of the Shari`a. Allah the Exalted says: “Allah does not charge a person except according to his ability.” (al-Baqara 2: 286)

86. People’s actions are created by Allah but earned by people .

87. Allah, the Exalted, has only charged people with what they are able to do and people are only capable of doing what Allah has granted them to do. This is the explanation of the phrase: “There is no power and no strength except by Allah.” We add to this that there is no stratagem or way by which anyone can avoid or escape disobedience to Allah except with Allah’s help; nor does anyone have the strength to put obedience to Allah into practice and remain firm in it, except if Allah makes it possible for him to do so.

88. Everything happens according to Allah’s will, knowledge, predestination and decree. His will overpowers all other wills and His decree overpowers all stratagems. He does whatever He wills and He is never unjust. He is exalted in His purity above any evil or perdition and He is perfect far beyond any fault or flaw. “He will not be asked about what He does, but they will be asked.” (al-Anbiya’ 21: 23)

89. There is benefit for dead people in the supplication and alms-giving of the living.

90. Allah responds to people’s supplications and gives them what they ask for.

91. Allah has absolute control over everything and nothing has any control over Him. Nothing can be independent of Allah even for the blinking of an eye, and whoever considers himself independent of Allah for the blinking of an eye is guilty of unbelief and becomes one of the people of perdition.

92. Allah is angered and He is pleased but not in the same way as any creature.

93. We love the Companions of the Messenger of Allah but we do not go to excess in our love for any one individual among them; nor do we disown any one of them. We hate anyone who hates them or does not speak well of them and we only speak well of them. Love of them is a part of Islam, part of belief and part of excellent behavior, while hatred of them is unbelief, hypocrisy and rebellion.

94. We confirm that, after the death of Allah’s Messenger, peace be upon him, the caliphate went first to Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, thus proving his excellence and superiority over the rest of the Muslims; then to `Umar ibn al-Khattab; then to `Uthman; and then to `Ali ibn Abi Talib; may Allah be well pleased with all of them. These are the Rightly-Guided Caliphs and upright leaders.

95. We bear witness that the ten who were named by the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and who were promised the Garden by him, will be in the Garden, as the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, whose word is truth, bore witness that they would be. The ten are: Abu Bakr, `Umar, `Uthman, `Ali, Talha, Zubayr, Sa`d, Sa`id, `Abd al-Rahman ibn `Awf, and Abu `Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah whose title was the Trustee of this Community, may Allah be pleased with all of them.

96. Anyone who speaks well of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his wives and offspring, who are all pure and untainted by any impurity, is free from the accusation of hypocrisy.

97. The learned men of the Predecessors, both the first community and those who immediately followed: the people of virtue, the narrators of hadith, the jurists, and the analysts– they must only be spoken of in the best way, and anyone who says anything bad about them is not on the right path.

98. We do not prefer any of the saintly men among the Community over any of the Prophets but rather we say that any one of the Prophets is better than all the awliya’put together.

99. We believe in what we know of the karamat or marvels of the awliya’ and in the authentic stories about them from trustworthy sources.

100. We believe in the signs of the Hour such as the appearance of the Antichrist(dajjal) and the descent of `Isa ibn Maryam, peace be upon him, from heaven, and we believe in the rising of the sun from where it sets and in the emergence of the Beast from the earth.

101. We do not accept as true what soothsayers and fortune-tellers say, nor do we accept the claims of those who affirm anything which goes against the Book, the Sunna, and the consensus of the Muslim Community (umma).

102. We agree that holding together is the true and right path and that separation is deviation and torment.

103. There is only one religion of Allah in the heavens and the earth and that is the religion of Islam (“submission”). Allah says: “Surely religion in the sight of Allah is Islam.” (Al `Imran 3: 19) And He also says: “I am pleased with Islam as a religion for you.” (al-Ma’ida 5: 3)

104. Islam lies between going to excess and falling short, between the likening of Allah’s attributes to creation (tashbih) and divesting Allah of attributes (ta`til), between determinism and freewill, and between sureness and despair.

105. This is our religion and it is what we believe in, both inwardly and outwardly, and we renounce any connection, before Allah, with anyone who goes against what we have said and made clear.

We ask Allah to make us firm in our belief and seal our lives with it and to protect us from variant ideas, scattering opinions and evil schools of view such as those of the Mushabbiha, the Mu`tazila, the Jahmiyya, the Jabriyya, the Qadariyya, and others like them who go against the Sunna and Jama`a and have allied themselves with error. We renounce any connection with them and in our opinion they are in error and on the path of destruction. We ask Allah to protect us from all falsehood and we ask His Grace and Favour to do all good.

—————————————————————————————————————————————————

 

Virtues of ‘Subahanallahi Wabihamdihi’

Light on the Tongue But Heavy on the Scales

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “There are two statements that are light for the tongue to remember, heavy in the Scales and are dear to the Merciful: `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, Subhan-Allahil-Azim [Glory be to Allah and His is the praise, (and) Allah, the Greatest is free from imperfection)’.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Expression that is most loved by Allah

Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to me, “Shall I tell you the expression that is most loved by Allah?” It is `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi’ (Allah is free from imperfection and His is the praise)’.”[Sahih Muslim].

Obliterating Sins of the extent of the foam of the ocean

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “And he who utters: `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection and His is the praise)’ one hundred times a day, his sins will be obliterated even if they are equal to the extent of the foam of the ocean.”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]. Commentary: Here sins mean minor sins and those which do not relate to the rights of people.

A Palm-tree will be planted in Jannah

Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “For him who says: `Subhan-Allahi wa bi hamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection, and I begin with praising Him, and to Him),’ a palm-tree will be planted in Jannah.”[At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: Jannah is so vast that we cannot even imagine its vastness. The planting of trees in return for the Praise and Glorification of Allah is, therefore, neither something difficult nor surprising. So, there should not be any hesitation in accepting it as a fact. Some people take it is as a metaphor for a plentiful reward.

Meanings of “Al-`Adheem”
[Based on: The Qur’an, Tafsir Ibn Kathir and “Tauheed of the Prophets and Messengers” (tapes) by Ali al-Timimi]

Al-`Adheem. This name has two meanings to it. The first is that all the meanings of perfection and greatness belong to Allaahsubhaanahu wa ta`aalaa and none else. His knowledge is perfect and all encompassing, his power is perfect and all encompassing, nothing weakens Him and His wisdom is perfect. The second meaning is that nobody should be therefore glorified or worshipped except for Allaah. And that any praise you give to the creation is because Allaah has given that quality to the object praised. So praise is again really due to Allaah. Understanding this makes a person subdued and makes him realize his need to worship the Creator of the universe and all that it contains.

——————————————————————————————————————————————–

The living and the dead

There is a very powerful hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in which he said,

“The example of the one who remembers his Lord (God) in comparison with the one who does not remember his Lord is that of the living and the dead.” [Sahih al-Bukhari; 11:208, Muslim; 1:539]

——————————————————————————————————————————————–

VIRTUES OF KALIMA LA ILAHA ILLALLAH

 

 

  1. PROPHET MUH’D S.A.W SAID: “ OF ALL THE AZKAR (PLURAL OF ZIK’R) THE REPETETION OF KALIMA LA ILAHA ILLALLAH IS THE BEST AND OF ALL THE DUA’AS ALHAMDULILLAH IS THE BEST.”

 

  1. PROPHET MUH’D S.A.W SAID “ ONCED PROPHET MUSA A.SPRAYED TO ALLAH TO TEACH HIM SOME FORMRS OF ZIK’R FOR HIS REMEMBRANCE. HE WAS ADVISED TO RECITE LA ILAHA ILLALLAH. HE SAID “ OH MY SUSTAINER, I WANT SOMETHING SPECIAL EXCLUSIVELY MEANT FOR ME.” THEN ALLAH SAID, “ IF THE 7 HEAVENS AND THE EARTH WERE PLACED IN ONE SPAN OF THE BALANCE AND THE KALIMA LA ILAHA ILLALLAH ON THE OTHER, THE LATTER WILL OUTWEIGHT THE FORMER.”

 

  1. ABU HURAIRA ONCED ASKED RASULULLAH S.A.W AS TO WHO IS THE MOST BENEFITED BY HIS INTERCESSION ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT. HE REPLIED, “ KNOWING YOUR ANXIETY FOR THE ILM OF AHADITH, I COULD EXPECT THAT NONE OTHER THAN YOU WOULD HAVE ASKED THIS QUESTIONED EARLIER. AND HE TOLD ABU HURAIRA THAT THE MOST BLESSED BY HIS INTERCESSION WILL BE THE PERSON WHO PROCLAIMED LA ILAHA ILLALLAH WITH IKHLAS.”

 

  1. ZAID BIN ARQUAM NARRATES THAT RASULULLAH S.A.W HAD SAID THAT “ ONE WHO RECITES LA ILAHA ILLALLAH WITH IKHLAS WILL ENTER PARADISE. SOMEBODY ASKED WHAT WAS THE SIGN OF IKHLAS. HE EXPLAINED THAT IT PREVENTS ONE FROM INDULGING IN THE FORBIDING THINGS.”

 

  1. PROPHET MUH’D S.A.W SAID “ THERE IS NOBODY WHO MAY RECITE LA ILAHA ILLALLAH AND THE DOORS OF HEAVENS DON’T GET OPENED TO ALLOW THIS KALIMA TO REACH THE ARSH OF ALLAH PROVIDED HE ABSTAIN FROM THE MAJOR SINS.”

 

  1. PROPHET MUH’D S.A.W SAID “ KEEP ON RENEWING YOUR IEMAN. “ THEY SAID, OH! YA RASULULLAH , HOW SHOULD WE RENEW OUR IEMAN ? “RECITE LA ILAHA ILLALLAH VERY OFTEN,” HE SAID.

 

  1. PROPHET MUH’D S.A.W SAID “ RECITE KALIMA LA ILAHA ILLALLAH VERY OFTEN BEFORE THE TIME OF DEATH COMES WHEN YOU WILL NOT BE ABLE TO SAY IT.”

 

  1. PROPHET MUH’D S.A.W SAID , “ I KNOW OF KALIMA SUCH THAT IF ANYBODY RECITES IT WITH SINCERITY OF BELIEF IN IT AND THEN DIES,HELL BECOMES FORBIDDEN FOR HIM. THIS KALIMA IS LA ILAHA ILLALLAH.”

 

  1. PROPHET MUH’D S.A.W SAID “ PROFESSING FAITH IN LA ILAHA ILLALLAH PROVIDES THE KEY TO PARADISE.”

 

  1. PROPHET MUH’D S.A.W SAID “ WHOEVER RECITES LA ILAHA ILLALLAH ANYTIME DURING THE DAY OR NIGHT, HIS SINS ARE OMITTED FROM HIS ACCOUNT AND VIRTUES ARE WRITTEN INSTEAD.”

 

  1. PROPHET MUHAMMAD S.A.W SAID “ THERE IS PILLAR OF NUR (DIVINE LIGHT) IN FRONT OF ALLAH’s ARSH. WHEN SOMEBODY RECITES LA ILAHA ILLALLAH, THIS PILLAR STARTS SHAKING. WHEN ALLAH ASKED IT TO STOP SHAKING IT SAYS, HOW CAN I STOP SHAKING WHEN THE RECITER OF THE KALIMA HAS NOT YET BEEN GRANTED FORGIVENESS. THEREUPON, ALLAH SAYS, “ WELL, I HAVE FORGIVEN HIM”, THEN THAT PILLAR STOP SHAKING.

 

PROPHET MUHAMMAD S.A.W SAID “ THOSE WHO BELIEVED IN LA ILAHA ILLALLAH WILL NEITHER HAVE FEAR IN THE GRAVE NOR ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT . AS IF I SEE THE SPECTACLE WHEN THEY RISE FROM THEIR GRAVES WIPING DUST FROM THEIR HEADS AND SAYING, “ALL PRAISES IS FOR ALLAH,WHO HAS CAST OFF ALL WORRY AND FEAR FROM US.”

 

  1. PROPHET MUHAMMAD S.A.W. SAID, “ I SWEAR BY ALLAH WHO CONTROLS MY LIFE THAT IF ALL THE SKIES AND THE EARTH WITH ALL THE PEOPLE AND ALL THE THINGS BET. THEM AND ALL THAT MAYBE WITHIN THEM ARE PLACED TOGETHER IN ONE SPAN OF THE BALANCE, AND THE FAITH IN LA ILAHA ILLALLAH IS PUT ON THE OTHER SPAN , THE LATTER WILL OUT WEIGHT THE FORMER .”

 

 

  1. A PERSON WHO RECITES 100 TIMES A DAY LA ILAHA ILLALLAH WILL ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT BE RAISED WITH HIS FACE SHINING LIKE THE FULL MOON AND NONE CAN SURPASS HIM IN EXCELLENCE ON THAT DAY EXCEPT ONE WHO RECITES THIS KALIMA MORE THAN HE DOES.”

 

  1. PROPHET MUH’D S.A.W SAID, “ NO DEEDS CAN EXCEL LA ILAHA ILLALLAH AND THIS KALIMA DOES NOT LET ANY SIN REMAINED UNWASHED.” ————————————————————————————————————————-
    FORTY HADITHS
    ON THE
    MERIT OF SAYING
    LA ILAHA ILLALLAH

    1. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “Whoever says: there is no god but Allah enters Paradise.” [1]

    2. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “Whoever says there is no god but Allah enters Paradise even if he commits adultery and even if he steals (i.e. even if he commits great sins).” [2]

    3. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “Whoever witnesses that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger, Allah forbids the Fire from touching him.” [3] Ibn Hajar inFath al-Bari, book of riqaq ch. 14 (1989 ed. 11:324) says that the hadiths of “Allah forbids the Fire from touching him” are even more explicit than those of “Allah will enter him into Paradise” in establishing that the one who declares Allah’s Oneness is saved even if he does not heed the orders and the prohibitions.

    4. The Companions were talking about Malik ibn Dukhshum, and they wished that the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — would curse him so that he should die or meet some calamity. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “Does Malik ibn Dukhshum not testify to the fact that there is no god but Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah?” They said: “Yes, he no doubt says this but it is not in his heart.” The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — replied: “No-one ever witnesses that there is no god but Allah and that I am Allah’s Messenger and then enters the Fire nor is consumed by it.” Anas said: “This hadith impressed me so much that I ordered my son to write it down and he did.” [4]

    5. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said that Allah will save a man of his community the record of whose sins fills 99 books, each book extending as far as the eye can see. Against all this will be weighed the one good deed that he has, which is his witnessing that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, and it will outweigh all the rest. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — then said: “Nothing is of any weight with Allah’s Name.” [The hadith begins: innallaha sayukhallisu rajulan min ummati...] [5]

    6. Ma`bad ibn Hilal al-`Anazi relates: Some of us from Basra gathered and went to Anas bin Malik in company with Thabit al-Bunani so that he might ask Anas about the Hadith of Intercession on our behalf. Anas was in his palace, and our arrival coincided with his late morning (Duha) prayer. We asked permission to enter and he admitted us, sitting on his bed. We said to Thabit, “Do not ask him about anything else first but the Hadith of Intercession.” He said, “O Abu Hamza! Here are your brethren from Basra coming to ask you about the Hadith of Intercession.” Anas then said: The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — talked to us saying: On the Day of Resurrection the people will surge one group after another like waves, and then they will come to Adam and say: “Please intercede for us with your Lord.” He will say: “I am not fit for this. You should go to Ibrahim as he is the Intimate Friend (khalil) of the Beneficent.” They will go to Ibrahim and he will say: “I am not fit for this, but you should go to Moses as he is the one to whom Allah spoke directly.” So they will go to Musa and he will say: “I am not fit for this, but you should go to `Isa as he is a soul created (directly) by Allah, and His Word (Be!).” They will go to `Isa and he will say: “I am not fit for this, but you should go to Muhammad.”
    They will come to me and I will say: “I can do it.” Then I will ask for my Lord’s permission and it will be given; then He will inspire me to praise Him with such praises as I cannot fathom. So I will praise Him with those praises and will fall down prostrate before Him. Then it will be said: “O Muhammad, raise your head and speak, for you will be heard; ask, for your will be granted your request; intercede, for your intercession will be accepted.” I will say: “O Lord, my Community! My Community!” And then it will be said: “Go and take out of the Fire all those who have in their hearts faith the weight of a barley grain.”
    I will go and do so and return to praise Him with the same praises, and fall down prostrate before Him. Then it will be said: “O Muhammad, raise your head and speak, for you will be heard; ask, for your will be granted your request; intercede, for your intercession will be accepted.” I will say: “O Lord, my Community! My Community!” And then it will be said: “Go and take out of the Fire all those who have in their hearts faith the like of a small ant or a mustard-seed.”
    I will go and do so and return to praise Him with the same praises, and fall down prostrate before Him. Then it will be said: “O Muhammad, raise your head and speak, for you will be heard; ask, for you will be granted your request; intercede, for your intercession will be accepted.” I will say: “O Lord, my Community! My Community!” And then it will be said: “Go and take out of the Fire all those who have in their hearts the smallest iota of faith.” I will go and do so.

    When we left Anas, I said to some of my companions: “Let us pass by al-Hasan (al-Basri) who is hiding himself in the house of Abu Khalifa and request him to recount to us what Anas ibn Malik has just told us.” So we went to him and we greeted him and he admitted us. We said to him: “O Abu Sa`id! We came to you from your brother Anas ibn Malik and he related to us a Hadith about the intercession the like of which I have never heard.” He said: “What is that?” We told him of the Hadith and at the end we said: “He stopped at this point.” He said: “What then?” We said: “He did not add anything after that.” He said: “Anas related the Hadith to me twenty years ago when he was a young fellow. I don’t know whether he forgot or if he did not like to let you depend overly on what he might have said.” We said, “O Abu Sa`id! Do tell us.” He smiled and said: “Man was created hasty. I only mentioned it because I was going to inform you of it. Anas told me the same as he told you and said that the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — added: I will then return for a fourth time and praise Him similarly and prostrate before Him the same as before. And then it will be said: “O Muhammad, raise your head and speak, for you will be heard; ask, for your will be granted your request; intercede, for your intercession will be accepted.” I will then say: “O Lord, allow me to intercede for whoever said: La ilaha illallah.” Then Allah will say: By My Power, by My Majesty, by My Supremacy, and by My Greatness, I shall take out of the fire whoever said: La ilaha illallah. [6]

    7. This is confirmed by another well-known hadith whereby the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “My intercession is for those people of my Community who commit major sins.” [7]

    8. Adhana fi al-nasi anna man shahida an La ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lahu mukhlisan dakhala al-janna. “It was proclaimed among the people that whoever witnesses that there is no god except Allah, alone, without partner, enters Paradise.” [8]

    8a. Man shahida an La ilaha illallah dakhala al-janna. “Whoever witnesses that there is no god but Allah alone enters Paradise.” [9]

    9. Bashshir al-nasa annahu man qala La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la sharika lahu wajabat lahu al-janna. “Announce to the people the tidings that whoever says: No god except Allah alone, without partner, Paradise is guaranteed for him.” [10]

    10. `Uthman ibn `Affan said: I heard Allah’s Messenger say: “Verily, I know a phrase which no servant utters truthfully from his heart except the Fire is made unlawful for him.” `Umar ibn al-Khattab said: “I shall tell you what that phrase is. It is the kalima of sincerity with which Allah has empowered Muhammad and his Companions, the kalima of fear of Allah which Allah’s Prophet enjoined upon his uncle Abu Talib on his deathbed: the witnessing that there is no god but Allah.” [11]

    11. Sa`id ibn al-Musayyib relates: When the death of Abu Talib approached, Allah’s Apostle came to him and said: “Say: La ilaha illallah, a word with which I will be able to negotiate or argue (uhajju) for you in Allah’s presence.” [12]

    12. Mafatih al-janna shahadatu an La ilaha illallah. “The keys to Paradise are the witnessing that there is no god but Allah.” [13] It is confirmed by the next hadith.

    12a. Li kulli shay’in miftahun wa miftahu al-jannati shahadatu an La ilaha illallah. “Everything has its key, and the key to Paradise is the witnessing that there is no god but Allah.” [14]

    13. Ibn `Abbas narrated in his Commentary that the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said concerning the meaning of the verse: hal jaza’u al-ihsani illa al-ihsan – “Is the reward of goodness anything other than goodness?” (55:60): “Allah says: Can there be any other reward than Paradise in the Hereafter for one whom I blessed in his worldly life with the recitation of the kalima of La ilaha illallah?” `Ikrima and al-Hasan also said that the reward of La ilaha illallah cannot be anything but Paradise.

    14. “If anyone comes on the Day of Resurrection who has said La ilaha illallah sincerely with the intention to win Allah’s pleasure, Allah will make Hellfire forbidden for him.” [15] Tirmidhi comments on the preceding hadith: “It is narrated from al-Zuhri that he was asked about the Prophet’s saying whereby “Whoever says La ilaha illallah enters Paradise” and he said: “This was only in the beginning of Islam, before the revelation of obligations and the orders and prohibitions.” The hafiz Abu Bakr ibn al-`Arabi (d. 543) comments on this in `Aridat al-ahwadhi (10:105): “There is no justification for Ibn Shihab’s (al-Zuhri) explanation.” This is confirmed by the hadith of `Utban ibn Malik. Ibn Hajar in Fath al-Bari, Riqaq ch. 14 (1989 ed. 11:324) mentions that the opinion of al-Zuhri and of Sa`id ibn al-Musayyib that the hadith “Whoever says La ilaha illallah applied only in the beginning of Islam was incorrect since the hadith of Abu al-Darda’ and Abu Dharr whereby the Muslim enters Paradise “even if he commits adultery or steals” and the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — mentioned this precisely to contradict the logic of those who say that great sins will prevent entry into Paradise.

    15. Lan yuwafiya `abdun yawma al-qiyamati yaqulu La ilaha illallah yabtaghi biha wajh Allah illa harrama Allahu `alayhi al-nar. “No servant is true to his word on the Day of Resurrection, saying: No god but Allah in order to seek Allah’s good pleasure, except Allah will make the Fire unlawful for him.” [16]

    16. “The best of my sayings and of the sayings of all Prophets before me is: There is no god but Allah alone, without partner, to Him belong all sovereignty and glory, and He has power over all things.” Narrated by Tirmidhi from `Amr ibn Shu`ayb, from his father, from his grandfather (hasan gharib).

    17. Afdalu al-a`mali al-imanu billahi wahdah, thumma al-jihad, thumma hujjatun mabrura, tufdilu sa’ir al-a`mali kama bayna matla` al-shamsi ila maghribiha. “The best deed is belief in Allah alone, then struggle in the way of Allah, then pilgrimage that is accepted: these outweigh all deeds the distance of East to West.” [17]

    18. Alaysa yashhadu an La ilaha illallah wa anni rasulullah? Qalu innahu yaqulu dhalika wa ma huwa fi qalbihi. Qala la yashhadu ahadun an La ilaha illallah wa anni rasulullah fa yadkhulu al-nara aw tut`imuhu. Qala anas fa a`jabani hadha al-hadith fa qultu li ibni uktubhu fa katabahu. It is narrated on the authority of `Utban ibn Malik that he came to Madina and said: Something was wrong with my eyesight, so I said to the Prophet: “It is my ardent desire that you should grace my house with your presence and pray there so that I should take the spot where you prayed as a place of worship.” (Another version also in Muslim has: I sent for the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — the message: “Come and lay for me a place for worship [khutta li masjidan].” Imam Nawawi said: It means: “Mark for me a spot that I can take as a place for worship by obtaining blessing from your having been there [mutabarrikan bi atharika].”) So the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — came there, with those of the Companions whom Allah wished. He entered (my home) and performed prayer. Then the Companions began to talk among themselves about Malik ibn Dukhshum, and they wished that the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — would curse him so that he should die or meet some calamity. After the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — finished praying he said: “Does Malik ibn Dukhshum not testify to the fact that there is no god but Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah?” They said: “Yes, he no doubt says this but it is not in his heart.” The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — replied: “No-one ever witnesses that there is no god but Allah and that I am Allah’s Messenger and then enters the Fire or consumes it.” Anas said: “This hadith impressed me so much that I ordered my son to write it down and he did.” Imam Nawawi says about: “In this hadith is evidence for obtaining blessings through the relics of saints (al-tabarruk bi athar al-salihin).” [18]

    19. Al-imanu bid`un wa sab`una baban fa adnaha imatat al-adha `an al-tariq wa arfa`uha qawlu La ilaha illallah. “Belief is seventy and some branches. Its lowest branch is the removal of harm from the road while its highest is to say: There is no god but Allah.” [19] .

    20. Man kana akhir kalamihi La ilaha illallah dakhala al-janna. “Whoever breathes his last with the words: La ilaha illallah, enters Paradise.” [20]

    The hadith master Abu al-Baqa’ told us: Hafiz Abu Muhammad informed us: Abu Tahir al-Silafi informed us: Abu `Ali al-Burdani said: I heard Hannad ibn Ibrahim al-Nasafi saying: I heard Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Qattan saying: I heard Abu `Abd Allah `Umar ibn Ahmad Ibn Ishaq al-`Attar saying: I heard Abu `Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Muslim ibn Warah al-Razi saying: I and Abu Hatim Muhammad ibn Idris al-Razi were present with Abu Zur`a al-Razi at the time of his death, so I said to Abu Hatim: “Come, let us remind him to say the shahada.” Abu Hatim said, “I would be ashamed before Abu Zur`a to remind him of the shahada; but come, let us recall the hadith, perhaps when he hears it he will say it.” I started and said: Muhammad ibn Bashshar told us: Abu `Asim al-Nabil told us: from `Abd al-Hamid ibn Ja`far – then I got confused about the hadith as if I never heard it or read it. So Abu Hatim started and said: Muhammad ibn Bashshar told us: Abu `Asim al-Nabil told us: from `Abd al-Hamid ibn Ja`far – then he too got confused as if he never read it or heard it before. Then Abu Zur`a, may Allah be pleased with him, spoke and said: Muhammad ibn Bashshar told us: Abu `Asim al-Nabil told us: `Abd al-Hamid ibn Ja`far told us: from Salih ibn Abi `Urayb: from Kathir ibn Murrah: from Mu`adh ibn Jabal, may Allah be pleased with him, he said: the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and give him peace, said: “Whoever speaks as his last words: La ilaha illallah” – then Abu Zur`a’s spirit came out with the letter ha’ (the last letter of the word Allah) before he could say “he will enter Paradise.” That was in the year 262 H. [21]

    21. Man mata wa huwa ya`lamu annahu La ilaha illallah dakhala al-janna. “Whoever dies knowing full well that there is no god but Allah, enters Paradise.” [22]

    22. Idhhab bi na`layya hatayni fa man laqita min wara’a hadha al-ha’it yashhadu an La ilaha illallah mustayqinan biha qalbahu fa bashshirhu bi al-janna. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said to Abu Hurayra: “Go with these two sandals of mine and whoever you meet behind this wall that witnesses that there is no god except Allah with certitude in his heart, give him glad tidings that he will enter Paradise.” [23] The latter then met `Umar, who prevented him from announcing this to the people and the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — agreed with him on the grounds that they would then rely upon it to the exclusion of everything else. The prevention of this news from reaching the ears of the ignorant is confirmed by the hadith of Mu`adh and that of `Ubada ibn al-Samit through al-Sunabihi, both narrated by Muslim in the same chapter (Book of iman ch. 10).

    23. Man shahida an La ilaha illallah wa anna Muhammadan rasulullah harrama Allahu `alayhi al-nar. `Abd al-Rahman ibn Usayla al-Sunabihi said: When I entered upon `Ubada ibn al-Samit at the time of his death I burst into tears so he said: “Why are you crying? By Allah, if I were asked to testify I would testify for you, and if I were given intercession I would intercede for you, and if it were in my power I would certainly help you! By Allah, I never heard a hadith from Allah’s Messenger in which there was benefit for you except I narrated it to you, all but one: and I shall narrate it to you now since I am about to breathe my last. I heard Allah’s Messenger say: “Whoever witnesses that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger, Allah forbids the Fire from touching him.” [24] Qadi `Iyad said: “In this hadith is the proof for the permissibility of keeping certain types of knowledge away from the common people due to the inability of their minds to understand it correctly, as long as it does not concern an obligation of religion or stipulations for punishment.” [25]

    24. Ya Mu`adh ibn Jabal ma min ahadin yashhadu an La ilaha illallah wa anni rasulullah sidqan min qalbihi illa harramahu allahu `ala al-nar. Qala ya rasulallah afala ukhbiru al-nasa fayastabshiru? Qala idhan yattakilu. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “O Mu`adh ibn Jabal! No one witnesses that there is no god but Allah and that I am Allah’s Messenger truthfully from his heart except Allah has made him unlawful for the Fire.” Mu`adh said: “O Messenger of Allah, shall I not tell the people so that they will be glad?” He replied: “If you do, they will rely on it (and leave everything else).”[26]

    25. As`adu al-nasi bi shafa`ati yawma al-qiyama man qala La ilaha illallah khalisan mukhlisan min qalbihi. Abu Hurayra inquired from the Prophet: “O Messenger of Allah, who will be the most fortunate of people to receive your intercession on the Day of Resurrection?” The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — replied: “O Abu Hurayra, I knew, because of your love of what I say, that no one other than you would ask me of this hadith. The most fortunate of people to receive my intercession on the Day of Resurrection are those who said: La ilaha illallah purely and sincerely from the heart.” [27]

    26. Usama ibn Zayd killed an [enemy] idolater in battle after the latter had said: “There is no god but Allah” (La ilaha illallah). When news of this reached Allah’s Messenger he condemned Usama in the strongest terms and he said to him: “How can you kill him after he said La ilaha illallah?” He replied: “But he said it with the sword hanging over his head-” The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said again: “How can you kill him after he said La ilaha illallah?” He replied: “O Messenger of Allah, he said it in dissimulation (taqiyyatan).” The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “Did you split his heart open (to see)?” and he did not cease to reprove him until Usama wished that he had not entered Islam until after he had killed that man so that he might have been forgiven all his past sins through belief. [28]

    27. Al-Miqdad said: I asked, “O Messenger of Allah, suppose I and one of the idolaters battled and he cut off my hand, then I was positioned to strike him and he said: La ilaha illallah! Do I kill him or spare him?” He said: “Spare him.” I said: “Even if he cut off my hand?” He said: “Even so.” I asked him again two or three times whereupon he said: “If you kill him after he says La ilaha illallah then you are like him before he said it, and he is like you before you killed him.” [29]

    28. Innallaha la yu`adhdhibu min `ibadihi illa al-marid wa al-mutamarrid `ala Allah wa aba an yaqula La ilaha illallah. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “Allah does not punish, of his servants, except the rebel against Allah who refuses to say: there is no god but Allah.” [30]

    29. afdalu al-dhikri La ilaha illallah. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “The best remembrance of Allah is to say: There is no god but Allah.” [31]

    30. Al-tasbih nusfu al-mizan, wa al-hamdu lillah tamla’uhu, wa LA ILAHA ILLALLAH laysa laha duna Allahi hijabun hatta tukhlisu ilayh. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “Saying subhan allah (glory to Allah) is half the balance and saying al-hamdu lillah (all praise belongs to Allah) fills it, and there is no veil between La ilaha illallah and Allah Himself (i.e. it is not even weighed in the Balance), it reaches Him directly.” [32]

    31. Kunna `inda al-nabiyyi sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam fa qala hal fikum gharib? ya`ni ahl al-kitab qulna la ya rasulallah fa amara bi ghalqi al-abwabi wa qala irfa`u aydikum wa qulu La ilaha illallah! farafa`na aydina sa`atan thumma qala al-hamdu lillah! allahumma innaka ba`athtani bi hadhihi al-kalimai wa wa`adtani `alayha al-jannata wa anta la tukhlifu al-mi`ad! thumma qala abshiru fa innallaha qad ghafara lakum. Ya`la ibn Shaddad relates that his father Shaddad ibn Aws told him as `Ubada ibn al-Samit was present and confirmed it: “We were sitting with Allah’s Messenger and he asked if there was any stranger – the narrator said: i.e. People of the Book – in the gathering. We said that there was none. He said: Shut the door, raise up your hands and say: “There is no god but Allah.” We raised our hands and recited the kalima tayyiba for some time. He then exclaimed: “al-hamdu lillah! O Allah, You have sent me with this word and have ordered me to teach it and have promised me Paradise for it, and You do not take back Your promise. Be glad, for Allah has forgiven you!” [33]

    32. `Abd Allah ibn Salam relates: As we were travelling with Allah’s Messenger he heard the people asking: “Which action is the best, O Allah’s Messenger?” He said: “Belief in Allah, fighting in Allah’s way, and pilgrimage that is accepted.” After this he heard a call coming from a valley saying: “I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah” whereupon he said: “And I bear witness to the same, and I bear witness that no one bears witness to the same except he clears himself of shirk (associating a partner to Allah).” [34]33. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — came out and heard the adhan. When he heard the mu’adhdhin say: La ilaha illallah, he said: khala`a al-andad, which means: “He (the speaker) has disowned (the existence of) partners (to Allah).” [35]

    34. Yakhruju min al-nari man qala La ilaha illallah wa kana fi qalbihi min al-khayri ma yazinu sha`ira, thumma yakhruju min al-nari man qala La ilaha illallah wa kana fi qalbihi min al-khayri ma yazinu badhra, thumman yakhruju min al-nari man qala La ilaha illallah wa kana fi qalbihi min al-khayri ma yazinu dharra. “There will come out of the Fire whoever said: There is no god but Allah, and there is in his heart a bead’s worth of goodness; then there will come out of the Fire whoever said: There is no god but Allah, and there is in his heart a grain’s worth of goodness; then there will come out of the Fire whoever said: There is no god but Allah, and there is in his heart an atom’s worth of goodness.” [36]

    35. Mu`adh ibn Jabal said that the last he spoke with the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — he asked him: “What action is most beloved to Allah?” And the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — replied: “That you die with your tongue still moist with the mention (dhikr) of Allah.” [37] Note that hadith #29 stipulates that the best dhikr is La ilaha illallah.

    36. Ala unabbi’ukum bi khayri a`malikum wa azkaha `inda malikikum wa arfa`iha fi darajatikum wa khayrin lakum min infaqi al-dhahabi wa al-waraqi wa khayrin lakum min an talqu `aduwwakum fa tadribu a`naqahum wa yadribu a`naqakum qalu bala qala dhikrullah. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “Shall I tell you something that is the best of all deeds, constitutes the best act of piety in the eyes of your Lord, will elevate your status in the hereafter, and carries more virtue than the spending of gold and silver or taking part in just struggle and battling and being slewn in the Way of God? It is the dhikr or remembrance and mention of Allah.” [38]

    37. Ma `amila adamiyyun `amalan anja lahu min `adhabi al-qabri min dhikrillah. The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “A human being cannot do anything that is more effective in saving him from the punishment of the grave than the dhikr or remembrance of Allah.” [39]

    38. Anas reports that the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — was once asked the same question as Mu`adh in hadith #35, and he replied: “Knowledge of Allah.” It was then asked: “And which action adds to this in merit?” He repeated: “Knowledge of Allah.” They said: “We ask about actions and you answer concerning knowledge?” The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said: “A few actions are greatly useful as long as there is knowledge; while a lot of actions are useless if there is ignorance.” Anas said: “He spoke of this at length [40] This hadith is confirmed by hadith #37 and by the first phrase of hadith #17 whereby “the best deed is belief in Allah alone.” The hadith is further confirmed by our decisive knowledge that the purpose of creation is knowledge of Allah, as indicated by Ibn `Abbas’s explanation of the verse wa ma khalaqna al-jinna wa al-insa illa li ya`budunI did not create the jinn and humankind except to worship (= know) Me” (51:56) and the verse fa`lam annahu La ilaha illallahKnow that there is no god except Allah” (47:19).

    39. Wal-ladhi nafsi bi yadihi law ji’a bi al-samawati wa al-ardi wa man fihinna wa ma baynahunna fa wudi`na fi kaffati al-mizani wa wudi`at shahadatu an La ilaha illallahu fi al-kaffati al-ukhra la rajahat bihinna. “By Him in Whose hand is my soul, if the heavens and the earth and all that are in them and everything that is in between were brought and placed in one pan of the Balance, and the witnessing that there is no god but Allah were placed in the other, the latter would outweigh the former.” [41]

    40. After the passing of the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — from this world Abu Bakr said to the Companions: “I asked Allah’s Messenger what basic thing was necessary for salvation and he replied that whoever accepts the Word which I brought and which I offered to my uncle Abu Talib and which he rejected: this Word constitutes salvation for him.” [42]
    Blessings and peace on the Prophet {SWS }, his Family, and his Companions.


    [1] Tabarani narrated it from Abu Dharr in the Kabir (7:55), Ibn Hibban in his Sahih (31), al-Hakim in his Mustadrak (4:251), al-Mundhiri in al-Targhib (2:422), al-Haythami in Majma` al-zawa’id (1:18), Ibn `Adi (7:2639), Abu Nu`aym in the Hilya (7:174), and al-Bazzar from `Umar.
    [2] Nasa’i, Tabarani and others from Abu al-Darda’ – sahih.
    [3] Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim from `Ubada ibn al-Samit.
    [4] Muslim narrates it.
    [5] Narrated from `Abd Allah ibn `Amr ibn al-`As by Ahmad, Tirmidhi (Iman 17 – hasan gharib), al-Hakim, and Bayhaqi in Shu`ab al-iman.
    [6] Bukhari narrates in his Sahih (Volume 9, Book 93, Number 601):
    [7] Narrated by Tirmidhi, Qiyama 11; Abu Dawud, Sunna 31; Ibn Maja, Zuhd 37; and Ahmad 3:213.
    [8] Narrated by Ibn `Adi on the authority of `Umar.
    [9] al-Bazzar narrates it from `Umar.
    [10] Narrated by al-Nasa’i from Sahl ibn Hunayf and Zayd ibn Khalid al-Jahni.
    [11] Ahmad related it in his Musnad (1:63 #449).
    [12] Narrated by Bukhari in his Sahih (Volume 8, Book 78, Number 672). Muslim also narrates it in his Sahih.
    [13] Ahmad related it from Mu`adh and Haythami said in Majma` al-zawa’id: “The men in its chain has been declared trustworthy (thiqa) although there is interruption in the transmission.”
    [14] Narrated by Tabarani from Mu`qal ibn Yasar. Wahb confirmed its authenticity as related in one of the chapter-titles in Bukhari’s Sahih.
    [15] Narrated by Bukhari, vol. 8 p.288 #431.
    [16] Narrated by Ahmad and Bukhari from `Utban ibn Malik.
    [17] Narrated by Ahmad from Ma`iz with a sound chain.
    [18] Narrated by Muslim.
    [19] Narrated by Muslim, Tirmidhi, Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, and Ahmad
    [20] Narrated from Mu`adh by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, and al-Hakim.
    [21] Related by Imam Nawawi in his book al-Tarkhis fi al-ikram bi al-qiyam li dhawi al-fadl wa al-maziyya min ahl al-Islam (p. 84).
    [22] Narrated by Muslim and Ahmad from `Uthman.
    [23] Narrated by Muslim from Abu Hurayra.
    [24] Muslim and Tirmidhi narrated it.
    [25] Nawawi, Sharh Sahih Muslim (Iman Ch. 10 #47).
    [26] Narrated by Muslim, Ahmad and Bayhaqi from Anas. Muslim says: “Mu`adh narrated it at the time of his death to avoid sinning (by keeping it to himself).”
    [27] Narrated by Bukhari from Abu Hurayra.
    [28] Narrated by Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad, Tayalisi, Abu Dawud, Nasa’i, al-`Adni, Abu `Awana, al-Tahawi, al-Hakim, and Bayhaqi.
    [29] Narrated by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Nasa’i, Shafi`i in his Musnad, and Bayhaqi in the Shu`ab.
    [30] Ibn Majah narrated it.
    [31] Tirmidhi (hasan), Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban, Bayhaqi in Shu`ab al-iman, from Jabir ibn `Abd Allah.
    [32] Narrated by Tirmidhi from `Abd Allah ibn `Umar. Suyuti in al-Jami` al-saghir said it is sound (sahih).
    [33] The chain of this hadith is fair (hasan). Narrated from Ya`la ibn Shaddad’s father and `Ubada ibn al-Samit by Ahmad, Nasa’i, Tabarani, al-Hakim, al-Mundhiri in al-Targhib, and others. Al-Haythami said in Majma` al-zawa’id: “The sub-narrators in its chain are trustworthy.”
    [34] Ahmad and Tabarani in al-Awsat relate it with a sound chain, as stated by Haythami in Majma` al-zawa’id.
    [35] Ibn Abi al-Dunya narrated it, and Suyuti cites it in his commentary of verse 2:18 in al-Durr al-manthur.
    [36] Related by Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad, Tirmidhi (hasan sahih), Bayhaqi, Nasa’i, Tabarani, Ibn Majah, and Ibn Khuzayma from Anas.
    [37] Related by Tabarani and al-Bazzar (hasan).
    [38] Narrated from Abu al-Darda’ by Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Ibn Abi al-Dunya, al-Hakim (sahih), al-Dhahabi (who confirmed al-Hakim), and others.
    [39] Narrated from Mu`adh ibn Jabal by Ahmad. Haythami said in Majma` al-zawa’id that the sub-narrators in its chain of transmission are the men of sound hadith, although the Tabi`i link is missing; however, Tabarani narrated it through a second chain which is entirely sound (sahih). Also narrated with the word al-`abd (Allah’s servant) instead of adamiyyun (a human being) by Malik in his Muwatta’, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, al-Hakim (sahih), and al-Dhahabi (who confirmed al-Hakim).
    [40] .” Ibn `Abd al-Barr reports it in Fadl al-`ilm with a weak chain. See also Ithaf al-sadat al-muttaqin (1:85), Suyuti’s al-Durr al-manthur (2:221), and al-Mundhiri’s al-Tarhib wa al-Targhib (3:525).
    [41] Related by Tabarani and by Suyuti in al-Durr al-manthur. Haythami in Majma` al-zawa’id stated that the sub-narrators in its chain are trustworthy, but that the Tabi`i link is missing.
    [42] Related by Ahmad (1:6), Tabarani in al-Awsat, Tayalisi in his Musnad, Ibn Sa`d in his Tabaqat (2/2:84-85), Abu Ya`la, Ibn Abi Shayba, Bayhaqi in Shu`ab al-iman (1:107-108 #92-93) and al-Bazzar. See above, hadiths #10-11. This hadith is sound although in Ahmad the link between al-Zuhri and Abu Bakr and `Uthman is not named other than “a man from the trustworthy people among the Ansar,” while Bayhaqi’s and Tayalisi’s narration from al-Zuhri is from Sa`id ibn al-Musayyib from `Abd Allah ibn `Amr ibn al-`As —————————————————————————————————————————————